The present extensive study consists of 12 parts and represents series of reports about attacks on journalists, bloggers and media workers in 12 post-Soviet states covering 2017-2019. The term ‘media workers’ includes journalists, camerapersons, photographers and other employees and managers of traditional and digital media, as well as bloggers and online-activists.
The aims of this study are:
To conduct a qualitative analysis of various types of attacks/threats against media workers and analyse its dynamics within the research period;
To determine what/who is the main source of threat to media workers;
To identify the correlation between the number or attacks against media workers and external events.
The study is based on data collected by content analysis of open sources in Russian, English and the relevant state language. Expert interviews with journalists were also used in compiling the report.
According to JFJ’s methodology, there are three main types of attacks (further divided into subcategories) against media workers:
Attacks that endanger life, health and liberty (physical)
Non-physical and/or cyber-attacks and threats.
Attacks via judicial or economic means.
The Justice for Journalists Foundation, together with its partners and experts, carries out weekly monitoring of attacks against media workers in all post-Soviet countries excluding the Baltic states, the results of which are published on the Media Risk Map in both Russian and English. The available data covers the period from 2017 onwards.